DirectX is available on Windows Phone, with DirectX 12 available next year. However, I'm talking about rivals in terms of technology leadership. Metal isn't the first graphics API to take that approach that it does. A bit of context would be useful.
That depends on whether the corp is profitable, pays a dividend and whether the stock prices goes up or down. It's a better strategy to take a little out at each stage otherwise some creative accounting could result in zero tax being paid.