Almost every examination of a valid patent starts like this. The examiner comes up with some prior art that resembles the independent claim and rejects all the claims. Then the respondent argues a bit, and maybe narrows the independent claim a little, and after some back-and-forth like this all the claims are granted.
What people have found is that the Lightning cable contains a chip that uses a one-pin serial connection for a fixed indentification number. This kind of chip has been used to identify battery packs, for example. Since the Lightning connector is supposed to be future proof, you'd expect the interface to include identifying information to tell it what electrical and logical protocol to use. It seems like a leap to call this an authentication chip.
This series of TI chips is generally used for product identification: returning an identification number on a 1-pin serial interface. Since the Lightning connector is planned to be future proof, I would expect it to require cables to identify what hardware and software interface to use.
Take a look at what dpreview says about this problem. Chromatic aberration occurs when the lens can't focus all colors sharply at the same time. Lens flare occurs when stray light gets in and bounces around between the elements of the lens.
The article contradicts itself. The Apple source cited, and others I've seen, say the problem is lens flare, which is an issue caused by reflections in the lens system. But after quoting Apple on this, the AI article says it's chromatic aberration, as if it were agreeing with Apple. Chromatic abberation is a completely different thing, that involves refraction, not reflection.
Apple has said that they plan to stick with this connector for a long time. That means that it's probably going to have to support several different electrical interfaces over its lifetime. At the least, I would expect USB3 and Thunderbolt in the near term. To do that with a small number of pins means it's going to have to figure out which interface you're using and assign the pins accordingly. The existing cable needs to configure the electrical interface for...