Originally Posted by Dick Applebaum }
Yes! A lot of what you say is true! Especially introduction of computers in the classroom:
The first computer/lab classroom was installed in June of 1980 at Saratoga High School Saratoga, CA. It included 7 Apple
[ computers sharing a 5 Megabyte Hard Disk. AIR, the installation cost $25,000.
Originally Posted by nht
Sorry, PLATO systems were around in the 70s (started in the 60s) and the first computer assisted learning labs I was aware of was from Stanford in the 60s (installed in california elementary schools). My dad was a professor in educational technology and there was a picture of me in front of an IBM terminal with a light pen around pre-school age. That would be late 60s. LOGO is also from the 60s/70s.
I also remember playing Empire and Airfight on a PLATO system sometime in the 70s. When I went to elementary school in the 70s we had a computer lab of some 5-6 IBM terminals for math drills.
Man, PLATO was so cool.
Ah... I should have been more specific.
Sure there were other experimental
computer labs by many mainframe and mini computer manufacturers and higher educational institutions like Stanford. But these were controlled experiments.
The June 1980 Saratoga High School installation was unique in several ways:
-- it was spearheaded by Marion Kenworthy, Vice Principle
-- it was an actual, running, classroom
, not an experiment
-- it was practical from a financial and educational standpoint
-- it was staffed by the High School
-- it was comprised of new, but available (retail) components
-- it was purchased and supported entirely by the High School *
-- it ran successfully, for many years
* I suspect that the fact that the daughter of Gene Carter (Apple VP of Marketing) went to Saratoga High School, as did mine, contributed to the support they got from Apple and my company (Computer Plus, Inc.) who sold, installed and supported the installation.
I worked for IBM 1964-1980. The 1960's era IBM terminal you spoke of was. likely, an IBM 2250:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_2250http://www.ibm1130.net/functional/DisplayUnit.html
In those days, IBM rented their equipment-- I'd estimate that the costs were:
-- $2,000 / mo - IBM 2250 Terminal and Control Unit
-- $10,000 / mo - IBM Computer to support the system (IBM/360, IBM/1130, etc)
-- $300 / mo - Electrical Power and HVAC for required
-- $20,000 - 1-time installation costs (wiring, raised floor, HVAC, etc.)
AIR, The Saratoga HS computer lab classroom was purchased and installed with a total budget of $25,000.
While, as you say, computer labs/classrooms were, prototyped in the 1960-1970 timeframe-- it was not practical financially or logistically to implement
!980 brought readily available, reasonably priced/installed/supported:
-- microcomputers (personal computers)
-- Hard Disk drives for microcomputers
-- LANs for microcomputers
BTW, the Apple ][ ran Logo and also supported a light pen -- including Color Graphics:http://home.total.net/~hrothgar/museum/SMCII/index.html