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Apple releases developer preview of Mac OS X 10.7 Lion

post #1 of 110
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Apple on Thursday released a developer preview of Mac OS X Lion, which takes some of the best ideas the company has conceived for the iPad and brings them back to the Mac for the eighth major release of the flagship operating system due this summer. The beta also reveals a handful of previously undisclosed features such as AirDrop and FileVault

Among Lion's core features are:

Mission Control: a powerful, entirely new feature that unifies Exposé, Dashboard, Spaces, and full screen apps to give you a birds eye view of every app and window running on your Mac. With a simple swipe, your desktop zooms out to display your open windows grouped by app, thumbnails of your full screen apps as well as your Dashboard, and allows you to instantly navigate anywhere with a click.

Launchpad: makes it easier than ever to find and launch any app. With a single click, Launchpad displays all your Mac apps in a stunning full screen layout where you can launch, re-order or organize apps into folders. You can also arrange apps into multiple pages and swipe between them.

Full screen apps: Lion brings the full screen experience that iPad users love to the Mac. With one click, your application window goes full screen, taking advantage of your Macs brilliant display. You can swipe from one full screen window to another and even back to your Desktop or Dashboard.

New Multi-Touch gestures: New Multi-Touch gestures and fluid animations give you a natural and intuitive way to interact with your Mac. New gestures include pinching your fingers to zoom in on a web page or image, swiping left or right to turn a page or switch between full screen apps and swiping up to enter Mission Control.

The Mac App Store: Apple's new online store that allows you discover, install and automatically update Mac apps.

Additional features in Lion include:
A new version of Mail, with an elegant, widescreen layout inspired by the iPad; Conversations, which automatically groups related messages into one easy to read timeline; more powerful search; and support for Microsoft Exchange 2010;
AirDrop, a remarkably simple way to copy files wirelessly from one Mac to another with no setup;
Versions, which automatically saves successive versions of your document as you create it, and gives you an easy way to browse, edit and even revert to previous versions;
Resume, which conveniently brings your apps back exactly how you left them when you restart your Mac or quit and relaunch an app;
Auto Save, which automatically saves your documents as you work;
The all new FileVault, that provides high performance full disk encryption for local and external drives, and the ability to wipe data from your Mac instantaneously; and
Mac OS X Lion Server, which makes setting up a server easier than ever and adds support for managing Mac OS X Lion, iPhone, iPad and iPod touch devices.
The iPad has inspired a new generation of innovative features in Lion, said Philip Schiller, Apples senior vice president of Worldwide Product Marketing. Developers are going to love Mission Control and Launchpad, and can now start adding great new Lion features like full screen, gestures, Versions and Auto Save to their own apps.



Availability

The Lion preview is available to Mac Developer Program members through the Mac App Store today, and the final version of Lion will ship to customers this summer.

Update: Sources familiar with this first beta of Mac OS X 10.7 Lion have just provided AppleInsider will a detailed run down of feature enhancements.
post #2 of 110
Much more interested in this than bumped hardware, much as Thunderbolt looks cool.

Wonder if they have fixed it so Time Machine plays nice with FileVault and only backs up changes at a block level rather than the whole file...
post #3 of 110
This OS sounds vastly superior to snow leopard already. The autosave, versions, airdrop and filevault features all sound incredibly useful. Here's to hoping this, and much more pans out. Really think I want some kind of visual refresh tho
32G iPhone 4, 32G iPad 2, late 2009 15" mbp
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32G iPhone 4, 32G iPad 2, late 2009 15" mbp
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post #4 of 110
The saving and versioning features sound interesting but the big one for me is the inclusion of Server. That will certainly make my setup far more interesting and versatile.

Only concern maybe the cost with Server included, are we going to see >$200 pricing? What is it now, $500 for SL Server?
post #5 of 110
Software can be found here for registered developers: http://developer.apple.com/devcenter...lion/index.php
post #6 of 110
The full screen stuff provides opportunity for giving the UI a serious tweak, can't wait to try it - no matter how much I understand the reasons for the (imho broken) maximise (I know I know, but it's habit) button not actually maximising for many apps, I never liked it, I don't like even when it does maximise that it leave a sliver at the bottom to stop the app windows overlapping with teh dock too much...I don't maximise my apps because I need them to take advantage of the extra space, I usually do it to remove distration from a dozen other partial windows showing in the background.

Laundry list of wished for improvements would include (for a top 5 anyway):
1) Fixing Time Machine to backup at block level to speed up backups and take up less space on the backup drive
2) Fixing ToDo list items in iCal and Mail to actually be useful
3) Some sort of file sychronisation daemon that you can use to automatically shuffle selected files to your iDisk or another Mac (using this new Airdrop perhaps?) as and when changes are detected, sort of like Time Machine but for syncs.
4) Integrated file tagging within the filesytem/finder, improved tag searching in Spotlight, perhaps with auto-labelling (Label Red if tag is Bills etc)
5) Agent services that are actually useful - What does iTunes Helper do? It should sit there and make my itunes library available without having to start itunes, then my apple TV can stream from it automatically, using WOL without any interaction from me. Same goes for iPhoto libraries.

OK, some of those are iLife requests, and others MobileMe, but I consider it all a part of my OS as I use it all.
post #7 of 110
Quote:
Originally Posted by bigdaddyguido View Post

This OS sounds vastly superior to snow leopard already. The autosave, versions, airdrop and filevault features all sound incredibly useful. Here's to hoping this, and much more pans out. Really think I want some kind of visual refresh tho

I agree -- very exciting. What's particularly appealing to me about these features is that they are "pro" features, not consumer features. The filevault thing in particular is a really big deal for anyone who wants to use a Mac in a business/government setting with stringent security requirements. This has the potential to get the Mac into places it's had a hard time going before.

The autosave and versions features are also really useful for anyone doing "real work".

Clearly Lion is about more than just a pretty face -- this cat has teeth!
post #8 of 110
Full-disk encryption - quite a few people have wanted that one. I am looking forward to seeing the new Mail app - the iPad mail app is very nice.
post #9 of 110
I'm not seeing anything good about Lion. A new file vault, what's wrong with the old one? Oh , that is right, it was never secure, but they sold it to you, and now they want to resell it again. The mobileme thing is crap. Back in the days when I had OS 9, iTools came with it, sort of like mac.com. Apple giveth and Apple taketh away, now they want to sell a free service that was included with OS 9. Let me know when Apple finally brings something new to the table, because all of this regurgitated CRAP is old already. I really see no reason to buy Lion , the same way I saw no reason to buy Snow Leopard. Apple wants my money like Microsoft, but they aren't offering anything really new.
post #10 of 110
Quote:
Originally Posted by stuffe View Post

3) Some sort of file sychronisation daemon that you can use to automatically shuffle selected files to your iDisk or another Mac (using this new Airdrop perhaps?) as and when changes are detected, sort of like Time Machine but for syncs.

This would be near the top of my list too. I am using ChronoSync right now but something integrated with the OS would be a great help. CS works (although it did corrupt my iPhoto database a while back and that is no fun to fix) but just feels, well, off! Right now the scheduler is flashing at me as my other machine is off and it cannot run. Something in the OS would be a lot better at dealing with these cases (well you would hope anyway).

As for Airdrop, I hope they create a plugin for Windows too (I know but my work machine has to be a PC). It would be great to take a work file, drop it to my mac to work on, then drop it back once done. My work machine is a laptop and editing large XL or Word docs on my mac would be much easier.
post #11 of 110
Quote:
Originally Posted by zgriffin View Post

This would be near the top of my list too. I am using ChronoSync right now but something integrated with the OS would be a great help. CS works (although it did corrupt my iPhoto database a while back and that is no fun to fix) but just feels, well, off! Right now the scheduler is flashing at me as my other machine is off and it cannot run. Something in the OS would be a lot better at dealing with these cases (well you would hope anyway).

As for Airdrop, I hope they create a plugin for Windows too (I know but my work machine has to be a PC). It would be great to take a work file, drop it to my mac to work on, then drop it back once done. My work machine is a laptop and editing large XL or Word docs on my mac would be much easier.

And would it be too much to ask if Airdrop and perhaps a syncing agent could also interact with iOS devices... Dear me how I long to cut that USB cable to iTunes!
post #12 of 110
any news on aqua scroll bars??
post #13 of 110
Looks like Ireland did not his "decent native mouse-tracking software". Not good.

But I certainly expect to get "AirPlay built into QuickTime". That will be a very sad day if it doesn't happen.
Citing unnamed sources with limited but direct knowledge of a rumoured device - Comedy Insider (Feb 2014)
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Citing unnamed sources with limited but direct knowledge of a rumoured device - Comedy Insider (Feb 2014)
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post #14 of 110
Quote:
Originally Posted by Intellihence View Post

I'm not seeing anything good about Lion. A new file vault, what's wrong with the old one? Oh , that is right, it was never secure, but they sold it to you, and now they want to resell it again. The mobileme thing is crap. Back in the days when I had OS 9, iTools came with it, sort of like mac.com. Apple giveth and Apple taketh away, now they want to sell a free service that was included with OS 9. Let me know when Apple finally brings something new to the table, because all of this regurgitated CRAP is old already. I really see no reason to buy Lion , the same way I saw no reason to buy Snow Leopard. Apple wants my money like Microsoft, but they aren't offering anything really new.

Sure would be nice to talk about what's new rather than to complain about what's old, especially from someone who clearly doesn't use it.
post #15 of 110
Seems excellent.
Any improvements under the hood?

J.
post #16 of 110
Imagine a beginner sitting down to a Mac with all those gestures enabled. They're just trying to learn the trackpad and they'll be having things flying left right and centre and not understanding why. They will freak out.
post #17 of 110
Quote:
Originally Posted by jonnyboy View Post

any news on aqua scroll bars??

You can see on the full screen apps here http://www.apple.com/macosx/lion/ that there are no scroll bars visible. They must be iPad style ones that hide when you're not scrolling.
post #18 of 110
Quote:
Originally Posted by jnjnjn View Post

Seems excellent.
Any improvements under the hood?

J.

Under the hood info (not much detail):
http://developer.apple.com/technolog...whats-new.html
post #19 of 110
Quote:
Originally Posted by ascii View Post

Imagine a beginner sitting down to a Mac with all those gestures enabled. They're just trying to learn the trackpad and they'll be having things flying left right and centre and not understanding why. They will freak out.

Track pads aren't exactly new fangled tech.

Seeing as the gestures are MULTI-TOUCH, I don't think it'll be the massive problem you are making out.

After all, general mouse usage is single finger.

One finger = mouse move.
Two finger = Scrolling / Zooming
Three finger = Fancy new gestures.

That'll be some accident to constantly use three fingers.
post #20 of 110
Quote:
Originally Posted by ascii View Post

Imagine a beginner sitting down to a Mac with all those gestures enabled. They're just trying to learn the trackpad and they'll be having things flying left right and centre and not understanding why. They will freak out.

I imagine a lot will be turned off by default, even 2 finger right click and 1 finger tap are not on by default, always does *my* head in when I perform a fresh install anywhere!
post #21 of 110
Quote:
Originally Posted by Intellihence View Post

I'm not seeing anything good about Lion.

Nothing looks 'gotta have' to me either. Versions/resume/autosave could be useful, not not exactly earthshattering.

I'm concerned how many of these new features contain the word 'swipe'. How do you swipe with the mouse? (sorry, the new trackpads are just annoying and I won't be getting one...)
post #22 of 110
The Lion preview is available to Mac Developer Program members through the Mac App Store today, and the final version of Lion will ship to customers this summer.

I wonder if the final version will be available for sale through the Mac App Store too, eliminating the need for external media?
post #23 of 110
http://www.apple.com/macosx/lion/

A bit more detail on Versions and Autosave etc here.
post #24 of 110
Quote:
Originally Posted by stuffe View Post

Sure would be nice to talk about what's new rather than to complain about what's old, especially from someone who clearly doesn't use it.

I do use Macs, have been since the 90's, I currently own an iMac, no need to buy Lion if it doesn't offer anything new. Snow Leopard was nothing but a developers OS, hence the cheap asking price for it. Will Apple finally make a firewall that includes outbound controls? There is a list of things that they need to fix before they move on. I see no real reason to upgrade.



Mac user since the 90's
post #25 of 110
Quote:
Originally Posted by zgriffin View Post

The saving and versioning features sound interesting but the big one for me is the inclusion of Server. That will certainly make my setup far more interesting and versatile.

Only concern maybe the cost with Server included, are we going to see >$200 pricing? What is it now, $500 for SL Server?

My fear for network people using macs is that apple has effectively given up and the Lion server is dumbed down.

Over all though, I haven't been this excited for an update since OSX first came out.
post #26 of 110
Quote:
Originally Posted by jonnyboy View Post

any news on aqua scroll bars??

Aqua

Aqua defines the look and feel that users come to expect from Mac OS X. Lion takes this experience and brings it to a new level with popovers, overlay scrollbars, and powerful Multi-Touch gestures and animations.
Popovers

AppKit framework now includes popovers, a new unit of content that can be positioned relative to other content on the screen. Popovers automatically move whenever the positioning view moves. You can also design popovers that can be detached, allowing them to become a separate window.
Overlay Scrollbars

Mac OS X Lion introduces overlay scrollbars similar to those in iOS. These scrollbars appear as an overlay on top of the window's content while the user is scrolling and remain visible briefly to allow scrollbar dragging.
Multi-Touch Gestures and Animations

The fluid, responsive animations that create the magical user experience on iPad and iPhone are available in Mac OS X Lion. Design your apps to use Multi-Touch gestures and animations and redefine the interaction users have with your apps
post #27 of 110
AirDrop? They should just buy Dropbox or integrate somehow with them.. but nice anyway.
post #28 of 110
Quote:
Originally Posted by Intellihence View Post

... Apple giveth and Apple taketh away, now they want to sell a free service that was included with OS 9. Let me know when Apple finally brings something new to the table, because all of this regurgitated CRAP is old already. I really see no reason to buy Lion , the same way I saw no reason to buy Snow Leopard. Apple wants my money like Microsoft, but they aren't offering anything really new.

Hmm. Mac OS 9 (and below) was a religion way back in 2000. It had feature this and nicety that; no matter that it bombed like crazy, was effectively worse than single tasking and looked like 1985.
It was impossible to explain the virtues of OS X that eventually led to the gigantic Apple imperium we have now to fanatics like that. And I fear its the same with you.

J.
post #29 of 110
Lion looks like a really good set of incremental improvements to me... except LaunchPad....

At best LaunchPad looks dated like the 2007 iPhone icon grid... at worst it's like the OS 7.5 Launcher.
If I want a grid of application icons - just set the Applications stack in the dock to open as a folder grid.
post #30 of 110
Quote:
Originally Posted by Intellihence View Post

I'm not seeing anything good about Lion. A new file vault, what's wrong with the old one? Oh , that is right, it was never secure, but they sold it to you, and now they want to resell it again. The mobileme thing is crap. Back in the days when I had OS 9, iTools came with it, sort of like mac.com. Apple giveth and Apple taketh away, now they want to sell a free service that was included with OS 9. Let me know when Apple finally brings something new to the table, because all of this regurgitated CRAP is old already. I really see no reason to buy Lion , the same way I saw no reason to buy Snow Leopard. Apple wants my money like Microsoft, but they aren't offering anything really new.

Yeah, I'm really not seeing much here to recommend it.

Can anyone confirm the real deal-killer on this "upgrade" - the rumor that Rosetta is going to be removed? Because it's WAY too soon to stop PowerPC software from running.
post #31 of 110
Better integration between Fault Vault and Time Machine would be nice, as in real time backups rather than only when logging out.
post #32 of 110
Quote:
Originally Posted by ascii View Post

Imagine a beginner sitting down to a Mac with all those gestures enabled. They're just trying to learn the trackpad and they'll be having things flying left right and centre and not understanding why. They will freak out.

No kidding.

The first thing I do when I'm setting up a new Mac for a user is disable most of the multi-touch crap. Every time I forget, somebody calls me in a panic, "Why did everything on my desktop just get really small?!???!!???"

The one-button mouse was one of Apple's best innovations. It's a shame they've forgotten that lesson.
post #33 of 110
Quote:
Originally Posted by BenRoethig View Post

My fear for network people using macs is that apple has effectively given up and the Lion server is dumbed down.

Over all though, I haven't been this excited for an update since OSX first came out.

What Apple is doing is democratizing the IT department.
Apple has gotten rid of the big intimidating server and replaced it with an approachable server that starts at only$999.
Now they are giving away the server OS so anyone can setup a server.

Apple tried competing with Microsoft from the top-down.
Now they are competing with a bottom-up strategy.
Small businesses and SOHO users will find this very attractive.

This also represents a changing IT landscape.
Gmail has replaced the mail server.
Dropbox has replaced the file server.
Fewer people are seeing the need for a server since they have the cloud.
post #34 of 110
Quote:
Originally Posted by Jume View Post

AirDrop? They should just buy Dropbox or integrate somehow with them.. but nice anyway.

Airdrop is for passing files between computers on a local network. Dropbox is for syncing multiple computers and storing files in the cloud. Very different.
post #35 of 110
Quote:
Originally Posted by DarkVader View Post

Yeah, I'm really not seeing much here to recommend it.

Can anyone confirm the real deal-killer on this "upgrade" - the rumor that Rosetta is going to be removed? Because it's WAY too soon to stop PowerPC software from running.

2005 called. They want their crappy CPUs back.
post #36 of 110
Quote:
Originally Posted by stuffe View Post

http://www.apple.com/macosx/lion/

A bit more detail on Versions and Autosave etc here.

Autosave sounds like a nightmare. People don't expect their computer to automatically save what they're doing. And unless I'm guessing wrong, it won't - unless they're using new 10.7 aware applications. More user confusion ahead.

And versions? Hard to believe that it's taken until 2011 to finally get around to pulling this feature out of 1980s VMS, isn't it? Yeah, that's right, multiple document versions were automatically maintained by an operating system back in the '80s. It was simple enough, the OS just appended a semi-colon and a version number to the filename. Don't get me wrong, I'm glad to see it happen, but don't imagine for a moment that it's actually an innovation.
post #37 of 110
"The all new FileVault, that provides high performance full disk encryption for local and external drives, and the ability to wipe data from your Mac instantaneously"

Does the quote above suggest TRIM support for SSDs?
post #38 of 110
Quote:
Originally Posted by bigdaddyguido View Post

... The autosave, versions, airdrop and filevault features all sound incredibly useful. Here's to hoping this, and much more pans out. Really think I want some kind of visual refresh tho

All I'm hoping for in the way of a visual refresh is that they move to a more greyscale UI, and throw that giant smeary pink and purple space picture to the depths of hell where it belongs!

Seriously though, whenever the topic of that desktop image comes up I find most people fall into two camps. Those that always thought it was trashy, and those who thought it was cool for maybe a week or so before they decided it was trashy. I've yet to meet anyone who "loves" it and after two iterations of OS-X with it, they should move on to something a bit more classy IMO.
post #39 of 110
Quote:
Originally Posted by DarkVader View Post

Autosave sounds like a nightmare. People don't expect their computer to automatically save what they're doing. And unless I'm guessing wrong, it won't - unless they're using new 10.7 aware applications. More user confusion ahead.

And versions? Hard to believe that it's taken until 2011 to finally get around to pulling this feature out of 1980s VMS, isn't it? Yeah, that's right, multiple document versions were automatically maintained by an operating system back in the '80s. It was simple enough, the OS just appended a semi-colon and a version number to the filename. Don't get me wrong, I'm glad to see it happen, but don't imagine for a moment that it's actually an innovation.

I think perhaps that a lot of less able users than you and I *do* expect their computers to start where they left off. I certainly know of plenty of users I have the need to "support" who just don't get saving, or even files and directories in a lot of cases. A bit of a switch in our expectations will probably harder for an experienced user to accept than the less able.

As for versions, I totally get you, but let's not think for one second that your Mum would have ever bought and used a VME system for email Bringing what was once an enterprise feature (no matter how old) to everyone including your mum has to be a good thing so long as it's easy to use, and that's they key, not if it can be done, but if it can be done in a way that is understood and usable to your mum...
post #40 of 110
Quote:
Originally Posted by DBF69 View Post

"The all new FileVault, that provides high performance full disk encryption for local and external drives, and the ability to wipe data from your Mac instantaneously"

Does the quote above suggest TRIM support for SSDs?

Not to me, what's your reasoning there?
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