The population of the American continents long predates Ericson's voyage, so he couldn't have been the discoverer either.
I wasn't going to post this, being in Wikipedia and all, but since you did:
"The United States of America (commonly called the United States, the U.S., the USA, America, and the States)"
What a great "rathole" this thread's become.....
I don't think anyone's noted that Columbus didn't think he'd discovered "America," or any NEW continent - or continents. He wasn't looking to discover a new PLACE at all, rather a route to an existing place to make trade with China and the far East easier. So he thought he was in Asia. (Note: He and his men after all may never have seen many or any Asians, maybe only sketches or verbal descriptions, and the indigenous population did have some of those characteristics.)
And as the Spanish gov't set up HQ in Hispanola, realizing over time, this was clearly not Asia, the new continents were later named after map-maker Amerigo Vespucci - who may not in fact have really deserved the credit - so the "re-discovery" and the whole name "America" is the result of a number of errors and accidents.
Meanwhile, North America was only distinguished as a separate area after South America had been known to Spain for a bit.
"The earliest known use of the name America for this landmass dates from April 25, 1507, where it was used for what is now known as South America."
"It first appears on a small globe map with twelve time zones, together with the largest wall map made to date, both created by the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller in Saint-Dié-des-Vosges in France. These were the first maps to show the Americas as a land mass separate from Asia.
An accompanying book, Cosmographiae Introductio, anonymous but apparently written by Waldseemüller's collaborator Matthias Ringmann, states, "I do not see what right any one would have to object to calling this part [that is, the South American mainland], after Americus who discovered it and who is a man of intelligence, Amerigen, that is, the Land of Americus, or America: since both Europa and Asia got their names from women". Americus Vespucius is the Latinized version of the Florentine explorer Amerigo Vespucci's name, and America is the feminine form of Americus. Amerigen is explained as Amerigo plus gen, the accusative case of the Greek word for 'earth', and meaning 'land of Amerigo'. (See etymology.) Amerigo itself is an Italian form of the medieval Latin Emericus (see also Saint Emeric of Hungary), which through the German form Heinrich (in English, Henry) derived from the Germanic name Haimirich.
Vespucci was apparently unaware of the use of his name to refer to the new landmass, as Waldseemüller's maps did not reach Spain until a few years after his death. Ringmann may have been misled into crediting Vespucci by the widely published Soderini Letter, a sensationalized version of one of Vespucci's actual letters reporting on the mapping of the South American coast, which glamorized his discoveries and implied that he had recognized that South America was a continent separate from Asia; in fact, it is not known what Vespucci believed on this count, and he may have died believing what Columbus had, that they had reached the East Indies in Asia rather than a new continent. Spain officially refused to accept the name America for two centuries, saying that Columbus should get credit, and Waldseemüller's later maps, after he had ceased collaboration with Ringmann, did not include it; however, usage was established when Gerardus Mercator applied the name to the entire New World in his 1538 world map. Acceptance may have been aided by the "natural poetic counterpart" that the name America made with Asia, Africa, and Europa."
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Americas [emphasis supplied] And otherwise we might be debating "North and South Columbia."
Today's "Native Americans" may not have been the original human discoverers either. The earliest "Paleo-Americans" - once thought to be the Clovis people in some theories (centered on North America) - may predate them by some thousands of years and may have died out before or during a later influx of the people we know today as "NAs." This could tie in with an (unconfirmed but not rejected) theory of a semi-massive meteorite strike in the northwest of North America - which may have helped lead to the extinction of many large North American fauna about 11,000 years ago, meaning those folks may have had a severe game shortage or been otherwise effected themselves. But much evidence has accumulated since this was proposed. Including genetic evidence of European type genes many (perhaps 10's of thousands of) years before Columbus or Ericsson. Some theories also talk about migrations of mammoth hunters to account for this.
"The archeological evidence suggests that the Paleo-Indians' first "widespread" habitation of America occurred during the end of the last glacial period or, more specifically, what is known as the late glacial maximum, around 16,500–13,000 years ago."
"The chronology of migration models is currently divided into two general approaches. The first is the short chronology theory with the first movement beyond Alaska into the New World occurring no earlier than 15,000 – 17,000 years ago, followed by successive waves of immigrants. The second belief is the long chronology theory, which proposes that the first group of people entered the hemisphere at a much earlier date, possibly 21,000–40,000 years ago, with a much later mass secondary wave of immigrants."
"Pre-Clovis sites uncovered from 1973 to 1978 Meadowcroft Rockshelter in Pennsylvania site indicated occupancy as early as 16,000 years ago and possibly as long as 19,000 years ago. Dates in excess of 19,000 years have been claimed for the deepest occupation layer uncovered"
"Clovis theory – People were living near Clovis, New Mexico where tools from this era were found in the 1930s. This find gave rise to the widely held "Clovis First" theory that people spread through the Americas only after the Ice Age.The Clovis culture was believed replaced by several more localized regional cultures, such as the Folsom tradition, from the time of the Younger Dryas cold climate period."
Much more on this at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Settlement_of_the_Americas
From which I deduce the new machine will be 7.85", assembled "in the Americas" and keep Android (and the Nook/Fire forks of same) from getting too well-established too soon where they could move up the food chain to the 10" range. And the new UI's for the slightly altered ergonomics will be code-named "Clovis." Until a giant meteor strike resurrects the Spanish Armada.
It's only logical.......
Edited by bigpics - 7/8/12 at 10:58am
An iPhone, a Leatherman and thou... ...life is complete.
An iPhone, a Leatherman and thou... ...life is complete.