Originally Posted by 22July2013
People seem confused between brand value and comapny value.
'Brand value' doesn't really have much of a meaning. They outline the methodology here:
"Brand Finance calculates brand value using the Royalty Relief methodology which determines the value a company would be willing to pay to license its brand as if it did not own it. This approach involves estimating the future revenue attributable to a brand and calculating a royalty rate that would be charged for the use of the brand
. The steps in this process are as follows:
Calculate brand strength on a scale of 0 to 100 based using a balanced scorecard of a number of relevant attributes such as emotional connection
, financial performance and sustainability
, among others
. This score is known as the Brand Strength Index.
Determine the royalty rate range for the respective brand sectors. This is done by reviewing comparable licensing agreements sourced from Brand Finance’s extensive database of license agreements and other online databases.
Calculate royalty rate. The brand strength score is applied to the royalty rate range to arrive at a royalty rate. For example, if the royalty rate range in a brand’s sector is 1-5% and a brand has a brand strength score of 82 out of 100, then an appropriate royalty rate for the use of this brand in the given sector will be 4.1%.
Determine brand specific revenues estimating a proportion of parent company revenues attributable to each specific brand
and industry sector.Determine forecast brand specific revenues
using a function of historic revenues, equity analyst forecasts and economic growth rates.
Apply the royalty rate to the forecast revenues to derive the implied royalty charge for use of the brand
The forecast royalties are discounted post tax to a net present value which represents current value of the future income attributable to the brand asset."
If they went ahead and pulled numbers out of their ass and used them directly, they'd feel like it was a waste of time so instead they pull multiple numbers out and combine them in a way that they think makes something meaningful and then they make a graph of it. The end goal is finding a new way to reorder the same top companies we hear about in lots of other lists in order to sell reports to lower down companies on how they can improve on these ass-sourced metrics.