Steve Jobs and Eric Schmidt during the iPhone's introduction at MacWorld in 2007.
U.S. District Court Judge Lucy Koh handed down her ruling denying individual motions from each of the four tech companies seeking summary judgment, which would have stopped the case from going to trial.
Apple and the three other tech giants are facing a class action lawsuit over alleged wage suppression as a result of anti-solicitation agreements formed by top-level executives. Judge Koh granted class status in October after initially denying the request six months earlier.
As noted by in-court reports from The Wall Street Journal, both plaintiffs and defendants claimed during a hearing on Thursday that progress was being made toward a potential settlement, but an actual deal was not yet in the offing.
From Judge Koh's ruling:
The similarities in the various agreements, the small number of intertwining high-level executives who entered into and enforced the agreements, Defendants' knowledge about the other agreements, the sharing and benchmarking of confidential compensation information among Defendants and even between firms that did not have bilateral anti-solicitation agreements, along with Defendants' expansion and attempted expansion of the anti-solicitation agreements constitutes evidence, viewed in the light most favorable to Plaintiffs, that tends to exclude the possibility that defendants acted independently, such that the question of whether there was an overarching conspiracy must be resolved by a jury.
In the order, Judge Koh cites anti-solicitation discussions between high-ranking executives, including late Apple cofounder Steve Jobs, carried out through email and other correspondence. One such email exchange between Jobs and Google cofounder Sergey Brin was highlighted earlier in March after being submitted as evidence.
In 2005, Google was looking to hire away members from Apple's Safari team, a move that "agitated" Jobs. He reportedly spoke to Brin, vowing to start a war if Google ended up hiring any of the candidates. Less than one month later, a supposed anti-poaching agreement was in place.
Jobs also made similar asks of other top company execs like Edward Colligan, former CEO of erstwhile handset maker Palm. Colligan refused to enter any such agreement, however, saying that it was "likely illegal."
Plaintiffs in the current class action suit -- some 64,000 past and present employees -- argue that these anti-solicitation methods held down wages. Further, Judge Koh notes in the ruling that there may be evidence that certain companies shared wage information despite being direct competitors for talent.
The U.S. Department of Justice leveled its own lawsuit regarding the matter after investigating Apple, Adobe, Google, Intel, Intuit, and Pixar for the same anti-poaching measures. The defendants ultimately settled with the DOJ in 2010.
Trial proceedings for the case High-Tech Employee Antitrust Litigation are scheduled to commence on May 27.