They pay beforehand because it's more expensive. The law is crap, obviously.
No companies usually settle out of court when they know they are wrong and it also means details of the settlement are kept secret. The news that a large company with a great image has been ripping off artists does nothing for the share price or brand.
I used to work in a video control room. Lots of screens. Wall. If I had taken a picture?
Yes because the image in question is just a hurried snapshot of a video control room with a few screens dotted about. There was no thought or design to this image. Anyway if you had taken the picture you would be the creator of the work and therefore would deserve the same legal protection as anyone else.
If we don't loosen the intellectual property laws, we're headed over a cliff with the elite owners of these crackpot legal constructs.
No, if we do lossen the intellectual property laws then it would be just the final nail in the coffin of the the crazy win at all cost, capitalist, selfish and power hungry world that we live in now and that is literally destroying the world around us.
The equivalent in text media -- ha, literature -- that if I wanted to write a story about a young prince whose father is murdered and he suspects the man who married his mother, I'd owe thousands to the Shakespeare estate. It's utter madness.
And your alternative is? Someone spends 3 years of their life locked in a room writing what could be the greatest story ever told, they are on the breadline becasue they have never had anything published before, but they keep trying, keep dreaming. When the novel is finished it is fantastic, the first publisher to read it loves it and being the largest publisher in the world wants to publish it themselves. The Author wants $300,000. This after all is the authors only form of income and this represents 3 years work. The Publisher decides to instead pay a staff writer to rip the author off and they release the story under a different name, the author gets nothing, the publishing firm make millions from selling the movie rights. The movie company make millions, the actors in the movie make millions to star in it. The Author who made all of this possible makes nothing. How the hell would this be good for society?