Video quality showdown -- Galaxy S10e versus iPhone XR

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in iPhone
AppleInsider tests the video recording aptitude of the new Samsung Galaxy S10e and the iPhone XR in a variety of environments from slow-motion to stability.

iPhone XR (right) Galaxy S10e (left)
iPhone XR (right) Galaxy S10e (left)


Both phones will shoot primarily with a 12MP rear wide angle lens, each capturing video up to 40K at 60 frames per second. Samsung has a few additional features such as expanded zoom and Super Slo-mo, though how they perform is a bit questionable.

For our tests, both phones shot simultaneously, side-by-side, in the stock video apps with no post correction done for stability or color. So what you see, is right off the phone.

Check out all our sample footage for yourself in our hands-on video.




The comparison

The first thing we tested was the stability of the phones. Both phones have optical image stabilization (OIS), but the Samsung has an extra trick up its sleeve. Compared side-by-side, they are equally well stabilized with both showing a bit of jiggle as we jogged down a flight of stairs.

We then turned on the S10e Super stable mode and ran the stairs again. This time, the difference was clear cut. The Galaxy S10e had far more stable footage, blowing the iPhone away.

iPhone XR 1080p sample (left) and S10e (right)
iPhone XR 1080p sample (left) and S10e (right)


Following the stability test, we wanted to see how quickly each phone adjusted to drastically different exposures. We aimed both phones at the sun before quickly directing them towards a dark, overcast wall.

As we moved from bright to dark, the iPhone was much quicker to adjust to the change in light. We also noticed better color saturation in this scenario for the iPhone. The moss on the wall was more vibrant while not being overly saturated and the Galaxy S10e was slightly washed out.

Next, we upped the resolution on each phone to 4K at 60 fps and took a difficult shot that started at the bright sun, panned across a moving waterfall, then back up to some jagged rocks. In this test, we wanted to see how the color balance changed, how quickly the phones focused on the water and rocks while the camera moved, and how overall sharp the footage was.

iPhone XR 4K sample (left) and S10e (right)
iPhone XR 4K sample (left) and S10e (right)


Samsung's colors looked great, as did the iPhone's, but the dynamic range and contrast on the iPhone won out when looking at the details on the rock wall. On the waterfall, each phone took a different approach. The S10e applied a sharpening effect which made the water have more defined edges. The iPhone added slight motion blur that softened the look. Which is better is mostly a matter of opinion.

To test focus, we held the phones below a wall, and raised them up to see how quickly they could adjust and focus on the moving background. The Galaxy S10e won out by about half a second over the iPhone.

In the continuous ads that are played on TV, Samsung loves to tout the slow-motion features of the latest phones. We first filmed in standard slo-mo before shooting the same subject in Super Slo-mo on the S10e.

In standard slo-mo, we saw Samsung still sharpening the droplets of water, but we also saw the rocks in the background losing their sharpness. The iPhone, on the other hand, kept the sharpness in the rocks and softness in the water. The iPhone appears more true to life.

S10e Super Slo-mo
S10e Super Slo-mo


Super Slo-mo on the s10e still has an too-tight crop factor which can really limit its applications. Quality is also still bad, and the footage is dim, making it only usable in bright, well-timed environments. Our waterfall subject looks particularly grainy compared to more graphically-simple subjects.

iPhone XR digital zoom max sample (left) and S10e (right)
iPhone XR digital zoom max sample (left) and S10e (right)


Each phone has digital zoom, though the S10e has far more scope. It can zoom in almost twice as much as the iPhone, but a similar situation to Super Slo-mo rears its head -- footage is just too poor to make it worth it. Why zoom in so much when it looks grainy, blurry, and washed out? There may be some purposes this could be useful, but it simply won't produce visually appealing pictures.

Lastly, we put both phones selfie cameras to test. The S10e wins in resolution, with an 8MP camera that can capture 4K footage. The iPhone XR is limited to 7MP and 1080p 60fps. When filming our subject, we noticed that just like our photo comparison, the skin tone is a bit too light. We also took the opportunity to test the microphones. The iPhone was able to better isolate our voice when standing in front of a billowing waterfall, but in less noisy environments the Samsung kept the voice levels louder.

Lights, cameras, action!

Each phone, more-so than in our photo comparison, has their pros and cons.

The iPhone really nailed the white balance, exposure, and skin tones. It also had the overall better-looking footage.

Galaxy S10e
Galaxy S10e


Samsung really did well with the technical aspects of the S10e, giving users more options. The digital zoom and Super Slo-mo features are impressive in name, but don't produce footage you'd actually want to use. Samsung did nail our focus test and did better isolating audio.

Where to buy

The Samsung Galaxy S10e can be ordered from Samsung directly, as well as at Samsung authorized dealers, such as B&H Photo and Amazon.com, with prices starting at $749.99.

Meanwhile, the following carriers are also offering incentives on both Apple and Samsung devices:

Carrier deals:

Comments

  • Reply 1 of 7
    radarthekatradarthekat Posts: 3,057moderator
    Nicely done video.  The impression I git with the stabilization as you jogged down the stairs is that the iPhone was more stable until you turned on the galaxy’s super stable mode, but that only make the Samsung’s video about as stable as the iPhone’s already was. So what’s the point of the gimmicky name for a separate mode a user would always want to use?  Typical Samsung.  

    I also notice the white balance comparison is something I see constantly among my friends’ phones,  I live, currently, in Vietnam (was in the Philippines for over two years before recently moving) and there’s a lot of Hauwei, Samsung, Vivo/Oppo phones in use here.  When shooting video they are typically terrible at adjusting the white balance.  Any side light will cause these cheaper phones to constantly adjust even as a speaker moves his head slightly, due to the bit of change in overall light coming from the reflection of that side light changing the brightness of the subject’s face.  Friends who have YouTube channels suffer a lot from this when they use their phones to shoot some video.  Both front and rear cameras suffer.  IPhones seem rock solid in this regard, holding white balance through a much wider range of light changing conditions. That’s huge and likely is done to the far superior image processing power on tap. 
  • Reply 2 of 7
    The iPhone had the edge overall, but the (super) stabilization was better on the Samsung.  I really liked the waterfall shots and video on the Samsung over that of the iPhone.  In sun glare situations, I’d want the iPhone...

    I think the iPhone and Samsung have different priorities, but both are usable.  
    radarthekatCarnage
  • Reply 3 of 7
    No doubt in the waterfall comparison, the iPhone was softer and the Galaxy sharper. Was it a fair comparison? I don’t think so, or at least I couldn’t make a fair comparison. Take a look Galaxy side of the falls. The fall was veiled breaking up into smaller streamlettes. Take look at the iPhone side. It is a solid, forceful rushing stream. I believe the streamlettes on the Galaxy side would easier to sharpen since it has more contrast. On the iPhone side, lacking consrast makes it harder to sharpen I not saying the Galaxy doesn’t have better sharpening, I'm just saying the test on the two sides are pretty different. I am willing to bet that each camera would produce somewhat different results of only the cameras switch sides.
    radarthekat
  • Reply 4 of 7
    imagladry said:
    Take a look Galaxy side of the falls. The fall was veiled breaking up into smaller streamlettes. Take look at the iPhone side. It is a solid, forceful rushing stream.
    That was my thought too. And comparing a single lens, iPhone to a dual lens, Samsung.
  • Reply 5 of 7
    radarthekatradarthekat Posts: 3,057moderator
    imagladry said:
    No doubt in the waterfall comparison, the iPhone was softer and the Galaxy sharper. Was it a fair comparison? I don’t think so, or at least I couldn’t make a fair comparison. Take a look Galaxy side of the falls. The fall was veiled breaking up into smaller streamlettes. Take look at the iPhone side. It is a solid, forceful rushing stream. I believe the streamlettes on the Galaxy side would easier to sharpen since it has more contrast. On the iPhone side, lacking consrast makes it harder to sharpen I not saying the Galaxy doesn’t have better sharpening, I'm just saying the test on the two sides are pretty different. I am willing to bet that each camera would produce somewhat different results of only the cameras switch sides.
    Plus what all that sharpening was doing to the rocks next to the falls, as pointed out in the video.  The iPhone was showing more detail in that part of the scene.  
  • Reply 6 of 7
    I think the fact that the iPhone and the S10 weren't shooting the exact same scene detracts from the comparison somewhat.  Mind you, from what I've seen elsewhere, the XR would still edge out the S10, but I think mounting the two phones in a one handed rig that holds the two lenses at the same height and pointing in the same direction, i.e. with the two phones parallel to each other, would have resulted in a better comparison.  As it is, you can see that the two cameras aren't shooting the same thing.  For instance, in the shot with the sun glaring, on the S10, the sun was very near the middle of the frame of the picture, but with the iPhone it was just outside the frame.  If that's a result of editing, and there are shots with the sun in the frame on the XR as well, I think you should have included them.

    Such a rig wouldn't improve comparisons up close, but for the shots at effective focal infinity, like the bottom of the stairs and the top of the stream bank, it would have been much better.
  • Reply 7 of 7
    GwennieGwennie Posts: 1unconfirmed, member
    Before I watched the video I thought the 'photo' on the screens were actually damaged screens and the result of a significant drop test. Silly me.
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