How to extend your wireless network by turning a Mac into a Wi-Fi hotspot

Posted:
in macOS edited March 2018
Most people like the idea of having Wi-Fi available throughout their home, but in black spots at the edges of the hotspot's coverage area, the signal may be too weak to use properly. Rather than paying for more network hardware to extend the range, AppleInsider shows how to use a Mac connected to a wired network as an impromptu wireless access point.




The vast majority of smartphone, tablet, and computer users have some form of Wi-Fi network in their home, usually supplied by their Internet service provider's router. This setup is fine to use, but the area the Wi-Fi signal can reach is heavily dependent on where it is physically located, which can be far away from the ideal location in the middle of the intended coverage area.

Getting stronger Wi-Fi to these areas can be performed using extra hardware, like a Wi-Fi extender, powerline networking with a built-in Wi-FI hotspot, or if an existing network connection is available, a second router. All of these options cost money, but if you happen to have a Mac near the blackspot that is also connected via a network cable, there's a more immediate and free way to fix the problem.

Enable Sharing

Start by going to the Apple Logo in the menu, followed by System Preferences. Click Sharing, which is the icon usually located at the end of the third row.



Select the Internet Sharing service on the left-hand side by clicking the name, not the tick box. This will bring up more settings on the right-hand side of the window, and a notification that Internet Sharing is Off.




Go to the "Share your connection from" dropdown box and select Ethernet. In the section marked as "To computers using," click the tickbox next to Wi-Fi to enable it, then click the new Wi-Fi Options button.



In this new pop-up window, enter an appropriate name for the wireless access point, and change the channel and the security to your preferred settings.

It isn't immediately obvious, but the channel you select will have a bearing on whether the hotspot will use 2.4GHz or 5GHz bands. Make sure to select the lower ranged numbers above the box's dividing line to use 2.4GHz, while go below the line to the higher-range channels to use 5GHz.

It is highly advised not to switch Security to Off, for fairly obvious reasons, unless you actively want others to easily access the network without a password. With a security option selected, enter a password you want to set up for the hotspot, and re-enter it to verify, then click OK.




Return to the left-hand side of the Sharing window and tick the box next to Internet Sharing to turn it on. A confirmation box warning you are enabling access to the network will appear, which can be accepted by clicking Start.




You can now close the window.

At this point, the Mac will be visible on other Wi-FI enabled devices as a hotspot, and can be connected to using the password set up for the service earlier.

Disabling Sharing

Turning off the connection is quite easy, and involves going back to the Sharing section of System Preferences, as explained above. Select the Internet Sharing service, and click the tickbox to remove the check.

While this stops the Wi-Fi being used for sharing access to the network, the settings you have entered to create the hotspot will remain. This allows you to quickly re-enable the hotspot by clicking the tickbox in the future.

Selecting the channel

The channel will depend on what other hotspots are operating in the area, as ideally you will need to use one that has the least competition on nearby channels to ensure a strong signal. While there are network analysis tools you can download to work out the best one to use, there's one option already built into macOS.

Starting with sharing of the connection disabled, hold the Option key and click on the Wi-Fi icon in the menu bar. In the enhanced version of the Wi-FI menu, click Open Wireless Diagnostics.




Ignore the window that appears and instead select Window then Scan in the Menu. You can also use the keyboard shortcut Command-Option-4 at this point instead.



Another window will appear, with a Scan button at the bottom right. It should automatically start bringing up a list of all the nearby Wi-Fi networks, but if not you can click Scan and wait a few seconds for the results.




The important part of the left-hand Summary are the bottom two rows marked Best 2.4GHz and Best 5GHz, as these advise of the best channels to use for setting up a new Wi-Fi hotspot, taking into account others it can pick up.

Further notes

This can be an extremely useful tool for traveling, as an older Ethernet-equipped MacBook Pro could be used to create a hotspot of a wired hotel Internet connection for other mobile devices you may possess, saving on cellular data usage.

The setup process can also be adjusted for different situations, for example setting it to share an Internet connection from a Wi-Fi network through a Mac's Ethernet connection can effectively turn a Mac into an access point for an Internet-less wired network.

If you have a second Wi-Fi adapter connected to the Mac, you can use both it and the built-in Wi-Fi to create a new hotspot that funnels Internet traffic through the existing Wi-FI network by changing the options in the Sharing window. Sadly this is not possible using just the built-in Wi-Fi hardware alone.

Lastly, a reminder that, while this is a good idea for limited use, like at home, it's ill advised to do this at work or on a corporate network. Most businesses have some sort of information security policies in place that forbid changes to the network, such as the creation of a new unauthorized hotspot for your own use, so doing this on such a network without permission is a really bad idea.

Comments

  • Reply 1 of 7
    chabigchabig Posts: 624member
    This is useful, but it's in no way the same thing as extending a wireless network, as the headline says.
    edited March 2018
  • Reply 2 of 7
    Most large hotels have sophisticated enough networks that will prevent you from setting up a wireless network. Much like you described for corporations in your article.  The driftwood motel, maybe. The Sheraton, nope. 
  • Reply 3 of 7
    normmnormm Posts: 567member
    I tried this on my iMac Pro and it didn't work.  I tried extending the wired ethernet connected to this machine to create an extra wireless network at the back of my house, but my machine simply joins the existing wireless network instead.  I can't make it forget this network because I'm using iCloud keychain: the only option is to have all my machines forget this network.
  • Reply 4 of 7
    geekmeegeekmee Posts: 319member
    Buy a mesh network... and move on.
  • Reply 5 of 7
    Previously I used my Kindle PaperWhite to get onto the Internet via my iMac using the procedure described in this article. I stopped using the Kindle for a while then tried to download an ebook I bought recently but I couldn't connect. I used the described feature but a Kindle message says Peer-to-peer wifi networks are not supported on Kindle. Try connecting to another network.
    Do I need to change the procedure for the Kindle, or has Amazon changed how it connects to the Internet?
    I tried asking this question on a Mac forum but no one was able to help. I have my fingers crossed either the author or some knowledgeable reader will know the answer.
    Thanks.

    (I use Ethernet and a router for the iMac to get onto the Internet no problem.)
  • Reply 6 of 7

    Thanks for this tip.

    My home has concrete walls so the WiFi is horrible beyond a couple of places. A Mesh Network is top priority for me right now.

  • Reply 7 of 7
    dewmedewme Posts: 2,054member
    "Lastly, a reminder that, while this is a good idea for limited use, like at home, it's ill advised to do this at work or on a corporate network. Most businesses have some sort of information security policies in place that forbid changes to the network, such as the creation of a new unauthorized hotspot for your own use, so doing this on such a network without permission is a really bad idea."

    Yeah, in a corporate setting rogue WiFi hotspots are generally frowned upon to say the very least. With that said, I've had to use this capability in a pinch when traveling in hotels that only have wired Ethernet in the rooms or hotels that provide free wired access but charge extra for WiFi access. Strangely enough the more expensive hotels tend to be the stingiest with free WiFi. Some organizations even frown upon or block end users enabling hotspot features in company owned assets. Just to stay on the up and up and keep The Man's computer out of the loop when accessing the Internet with personal devices I carry a cheap ($30-$35) WiFi nano travel router with me when traveling. It's gotten a lot less use in the past few years as most hotels now offer free WiFi. But outside of the US especially you'll occasionally find yourself in a structure that's just not WiFi friendly but is equipped with wired Ethernet. If you've already purchased a travel router and find that it's collecting dust you could use it to provide an additional WiFi access point in your home.

    With all this talk of meshed networks I'm surprised that more folks aren't taking advantage of the sorta-meshed solution of using an Airport Extreme/Time Capsule in combination with Airport Express to extend your wireless network. It's super easy to configure using the Airport Utility app and it gives you an additional Airplay node at each Airport Express device.   

    racerhomie3
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