Future Apple Watch band may include hydration sensor, after years of research

in Apple Watch edited August 2021
Apple has been researching ways to have an Apple Watch band automatically track the wearer's hydration, with all the health monitoring benefits that would bring.

Apple Watch could gain a band that measures hydration
Apple Watch could gain a band that measures hydration

Apple supplier Rockley Photonics recently announced a non-invasive glucose monitoring system that so looked like it was meant for Apple Watch, that the demo units use Apple wrist bands. Practically missed in that announcement, though, was that Rockley's system is intended to monitor much more, including hydration.

Now Apple has separately been granted a patent concerning precisely that. A patent for a hydration sensor in Apple Watch, even granted, does not mean there will ever be a product.

However, as the newly-revealed "Hydration measurement with a watch" research says, hydration is a key health indicator. It's one that from a single type of sensor is able to contribute a great deal of information.

"A user's hydration level has significant impacts on the health of a user," says the patent. "Dehydration can impair performance and is associated with several deleterious health consequences, including heat strokes. Overdrinking can result in hyponatremia, fatigue, confusion, coma, and even death."

Currently there are many apps for iPhone and Apple Watch which are designed to remind users to drink often, and not too much. As for actual measuring, though, the patent says that typical techniques are "generally invasive, expensive, or unreliable."

"For example, some hydration tracking techniques involve testing fluid samples, such as urine or blood, from the user," it continues. "Some techniques require analyte sensors to chemically react with sample fluids."

"Many of these sensors are disposable and limited to a single use," says Apple. "Yet other techniques involve tracking the intake of fluids, expulsion of fluids (e.g., sweat, urine, etc.), and weight changes across a period of time."

Apple's patent is even a little dismissive of what it describes as these "cumbersome and unreliable" techniques. The patent's inventor, Alexander W. Williams, also points out that the lack of reliability is specifically because of "the variety of measurements that must be manually taken."

His proposal is that Apple Watch instead perform regular, periodic measurements to calculate a user's hydration, and do so using a Watch band.

"A watch [band] can be positioned to receive and measure one or more electrical properties of perspiration produced by the user wearing the watch," says the patent. "The measurements can be used to provide useful feedback and health tracking information to a user, thereby allowing the user to better manage hydration and overall health."

Apple's idea is to include electrodes for measuring the electrical properties of the perspiration." Those properties "can represent a concentration of electrolytes in the perspiration, which in turn represents a hydration level of the user."

Detail from the patent showing one possible position of a hydration sensor on a band
Detail from the patent showing one possible position of a hydration sensor on a band

Since this measurement is performed on perspiration, it is non-invasive and can be done repeatedly, accurately, automatically, and with minimal user intervention." Then the measurements can be tracked over time, "thereby allowing the user to better manage hydration and overall health."

This patent has been recently revealed as it was just granted -- but a version was originally filed in March 2018. So while there's no guarantee the feature will come in, for instance, the Apple Watch Series 7, the company has been pursuing the idea for several years.

Read on AppleInsider


  • Reply 1 of 1
    GeorgeBMacGeorgeBMac Posts: 11,421member
    This makes sense:   The easiest, most common way to measure hydration is by looking at the color of the urine.   Electronically checking sweat has the potential to do the same.

    And, although it's often overlooked, hydration is a major factor in endurance sports* as well as a major cause of hospital admissions for dehydration.  Part of the cause or that latter is that so many people are now taking diuretics (meant to dehydrate the body!) for heart failure.  But the flip side of that are hospital admissions for "heart failure" when the person's body fills up with fluids.

    Having an easy, objective way to monitor hydration could help many people -- including keeping them out of one of the most dangerous places in the world:   a hospital.

    * For myself, a couple years ago I ran a 10K knowing that I did that in training regularly without stopping or slowing to drink.  But, when I ran this race it was not only a warm day but the race was in open sun.  As a result I dehydrated and, as a result, over heated.   Not only was my time slower than it should have been but it took me hours to recover.   Likewise, working the medical tent of the Pittsburgh marathon, dehydration was a common problem even though water was offered throughout the course.
    edited August 2021
Sign In or Register to comment.